About Selecting Grapes for Grape Wine Making
Grape wine making is an art that takes the experienced and consummate taste of an expert to perfect. There are many circumstances that have to do with determining the type and flavor of grape wine that is fermented. The most important of these is the kind of grapes that are used.
So if your are planning to take up grape wine making as a hobby or a budget-saving project, familiarize yourself first with grape species.
The varieties of fruits for grape wine making number in the hundreds
The choice of grape varieties to use in grape wine making pretty much determines what type of wine you can anticipate to produce. Because, each variety has its own peculiar texture, flavor and taste, there is bound to be one type of wine that you will prefer over the others. To complicate matters, although varietal wines (wines made from just one species) are popular, the more distinctive wines are concocted using a combination of varieties.
Using Malbec grapes in grape wine making
This purple-colored variety of grapes have for decades been used along with other varieties to produce red wine. Malbec grapes resemble the typical graphic representations of grapes, from its fruits and its cluster-shape, down to its leaves. In France, it is cultivated in the Southwest. However, the grape is also grown in other countries globally. A popular sub-variety of Malbec grapes are those found in Argentina which are used for making varietal Malbec wines.
The wine produced from Malbec grape wine making is typically bland. It is smooth and soft in texture and is succulent and fruity to the taste. It may variously exude a violet or an herbal fragrance.
Using Cabernet Sauvignon for grape wine making
Also purple in color, Cabernet grapes are likewise used in the making of red wine. At present, this variety is cultivated globally in all countries that are major producers of wine. In the Americas and in Australia, Cabernet is widely produced for local and international wineries.
Cabernet Sauvignon was first grown during the 17th century in France and is a little over 400 years old. That makes the species comparatively younger than others. It was produced by the accidental mutation of Sauvignon Blanc with Cabernet Franc
The characteristic aroma of Cabernet Sauvignon wine has a bell pepper flavor. The reason for this is the high concentration of pyrazine in the fruit. Pyrazine diminishes as the fruit ages but does not totally disappear.
Oaken casks are often used to ferment and age Cabernet Sauvignon wines. That is because oak softens the somewhat coarse texture of the beverage.
Using Merlot grapes for grape wine making
Merlot grapes are very frequently combined with other varieties to produce many different types of red wines. In addition to its extreme popularity as an ingredient in combination with other grapes, Merlot wine is also widely enjoyed as a varietal wine. This probably accounts for the fact that among the most commonly produced species of the fruit, Merlot is in third rank.
Merlot wine is known for its fine and silky texture as well as for its characteristic plum flavor. The fact that it ages more quickly than other types of wine isn’t a problem because people consume it before it gets too mellow.
The importance of knowledge for grape wine making
To be successful in your attempts at grape wine making, you will need to be an authority in the various species of grapes. In that way, you can un-erringly produce the type of wine that you prefer and will be in a position to offer factual advice to others.